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mkerdis zrda da hormonebi
qalebSi patara mkerdis zoma ZiriTadad ganpirobebulia estrogenebis – qalis sasqeso hormonebis deficitiT. swored isini ganapirobeben qalis mkerdis zomas.

estrogenebi

es aris hormoni, romelic yvelaze did gavlenas axdens qalis mkerdis zomaze. estrogenebSi Sedis daaxloebiT 60-mde hormoni. maTgan samia mniSvnelovani: estradioli, estroni da estrioli. estradioli yvelaze Zlieria. mas gamoimuSaveben sakvercxeebi da swored is agebs pasuxs mkerdis gadidebaze. danarCeni ori SedarebiT sustia.

gogonebSi estrogenebi Cndeba 8-13 wlis asakSi, rogorc ki sakmarisi cximovani masa aqvs mis sxeuls. estrogenebis gamoCena aris sqesobrivi momwifebis dawyeba. estrogenebis gavleniT izrdeba saSvilosno, saSo da falopis milebi. misi zemoqmedebiT boqvenze izrdeba Tmebi da viTardeba sakvercxeebi da bolos, estrogenebi zrdis mkerdis zomas.

ramdenad adeqvaturad izrdeba mkerdi zomaSi amasac estrogenebis done gansazRvravs. Tuki estrogenebi Zalian Warbadaa, xdeba organizmis „gadatvirTva“ da ixureba estrogenebis receptorebi. am process deregulireba hqvia. Tu estrogenebis Zalian bevri receptori daixureba, mkerdi ar gaizrdeba, rameTu ver miiRebs signals gazrdis Sesaxeb.

progesteroni

meore da aseve mniSnelovani hormoni mkerdis zrdis proxesSi. progesteroni cnobilia, rogorc „orsulobis hormoni“. igi orsulobis procesSi Zalian didi raodenobiT sinTezdeba. is mnivnelovnad icavs da kvebavs Canasaxs, Zlierebs menjis kedlebs da qalis sxeuls amzadebs mSobiarobisTvis. qalis mkerds ki amzadebs laqtaciisTvis.

es hormoni moqmedebs estrogenebTan kombinaciaSi, miuxedavad imisa, rom funqciurad antaginistebad iTvlebian. roca erTi maTganis done Zalian imatebs, xdeba uaryofiTi ukukavSiri, rom momatebuli hormonis done Semcirdes. es imas niSnavs, rom progesteronis dabali done ganapirobebs organizmis momatebul mgrZnobelobas estrogenebis mimarT da piriqiT.

prolaqtini

qalis sxeulSi prolaqtini intensiurad sinTezdeba or SemTxvevaSi: sqesobrivi momwifebis dros da orsulobis dros. iqidan gamomdinare, rom igi TamaSobs arsebiT rols mkerdis gadidebaSi orsulobisas. sqesobrivi momwifebis dros igi moqmedebs estrogenebTan kavSirSi da misi gavleniT izrdeba mkerdis wilebis raodenoba da zoma, vitardeba sarZeve sadinrebi da zogadad mkerdi xdeba didi. laqtaciis dros prolaqtini rZis warmoqmnaSi monawileobs.

somatotropini

somatotropinsac aqvs garkveuli rolis mkerdis zomaSi zrdis dros. sqesobrivi momwifebis dros organizmSi masiurad xdeba simatotropinis moqmedeba, igi axdens organizmis zrdis stimulacias. somatotropinis deficitis pirobebSi mkerdi ar gaizrdeba, ra hormonaluri fonic ar unda iyos, simatotropinis arseboba aucilebelia.

es aris is ZiriTadi hormonebi, romlebic axdenen gavlenas mkerdis zomaSi zrdaze. am hormonebis damoukideblad daleva ar SeiZleba. am hormonebs Soris disbalansma SeiZleba seriozuli gavlena iqonios.
Istoriis saxeli : mkerdis zrda da hormonebi
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